“Whosoever from among the Muslims or the Jews or the Christians or the Sabaeans believes in Allah (God) and the Last Day, and performs good deeds, he will have his reward with his Lord and he will have no cause for fear and grief.” Q 2: 62
But whoever slays a soul, unless it be for murder or for mischief in the land, it is as though he slew entire mankind; and whoever keeps it alive, it is as though he kept entire mankind alive; (Quran 5:32).
The above verses from the holy Quran certainly put to shame, all terrorist groups claiming to be killing innocent people in the name ofIslam. These verses also established the fact that, all those who attach these misguided sects to Islam are indeed themselves misguided.
In a plain text, the two verses above made it clear beyond any reasonable doubt that provided you are a Muslim, Christian, Jew or Sabaen, if you believe in God and the judgement day, perform good deeds, certainly, your reward is with God and there is no cause to fear or grief.
And if you slay a soul, your punishment before Allah is as thou you slew the entire mankind.
That is the ultimate position as far as Islam is concerned. So, be it Alqaeda, bokoharam or other terrorist organizations hiding under the banner of Islam to commit enormous atrocities, certainly, they cannot be doing it under the banner of jihad in Islam. They are against Islam.
For the records, the reason why jihad was permitted in Islam was so the Muslims could defend themselves against persecution and expulsion from their homes. It is not to oppress, kill, create mischief or coerce others.
Allah says: “To those against whom war is made, permission is given (to fight back), because they are wronged and verily Allah is Most Powerful for their aid – (They are) those who have been expelled from their homes in defiance of right (for no cause) except that they say,
‘Our Lord is Allah’. Did Allah not check one set of people by means of another, there would surely have been pulled down monasteries, churches, synagogues, and mosques, in which the name of Allah is commemorated in abundant measure? Allah will certainly aid those who aid his cause, for truly Allah is full of strength and might.” [Sûrah al-Hajj: 39-40]
Many of the earliest scholars mention that these were the first verses of the Qur’an that was revealed regarding jihad. Thereafter the following verses were revealed:
“Fight in the cause of Allah THOSE WHO FIGHT YOU, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loves not transgressors. And slay them wherever you catch them and drive them out FROM WHERE THEY DROVE YOU OUT, for oppression is worse than killing. But fight them not at the sacred mosque unless they fight you there. But if they fight you, slay them. Such is the reward of those who suppress faith. But if they cease, Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression and there prevail justice and faith in Allah. But if they cease, let there be no hostility except to those who practice oppression.” [Sûrah al-Baqarah: 190-193] So, before Muslims fight, they must have been fought. And when they fight back, it must be against those who participated in fighting against them. The reason why they must fight back is simple, to defend themselves and prevent further attacks.
Had the purpose of jihad been to force the unbelievers to accept Islam, the Quran would never have commanded the Muslims to refrain from hostilities if the enemy relented. It would not have prohibited the killing of women and children. However, this is exactly the position of Islam. During a battle, the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw people gathered together. He dispatched a man to find out why they were gathered. The man returned and said: “They are gathered around one slain woman.”
Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “She should not have been attacked!” Khâlid b. al-Walîd was leading the forces, so he dispatched a man to him saying: “‘Tell Khâlid not to kill women or labourers”. [Sunan Abî Dâwûd]
Therefore, even in the heat of battle against a hostile enemy, the only people who may be attacked are those who are actually participating in the fighting not innocent people. Terrorism have no hidden place in Islam, their activities was clearly captured in the Qur’an and so is their punishment.
The almighty Allah clearly describe the nature and punishment of terrorists in the Qur’an as thus: Q2[84-86] Remember also that We made another solemn covenant with you: you shall not shed blood among yourselves nor expel one another from your homes. And you confirmed it and you are a witness to it. But in spite of this, you are killing your brethren and driving them out from their homes and making unjust and aggressive alliances against one another. And when they come to you as captives, you trade on their ransoms whereas their expulsion itself was unlawful for you. Do you then believe in one part of the Scriptures and disbelieve in the other? 92 What other punishment do such people from among you deserve except an ignominious life in this world and the most grievous doom on the Day of Resurrection? Allah is not unaware of what you are doing.
These are the people who have preferred the worldly life to the life in the Hereafter. Therefore their torment shall not be lightened nor shall help be given to them (from any quarter).
What the above verse is saying is simple, those terrorists who claim to be following the sacred book of Islam are not, but are merely hiding under it to carryout their hidden agenda. They kill innocent people, expel people from their homes and take ransom when they capture some. For this reason, the punishment all terrorist deserve is an ignominious life in this world and most grievous doom on the day of
The Qur’an didn’t stop, it tries to guide the lost terrorists to the right path: Q2 [41-46] How is it that you enjoin others to follow the Right Way, but forget it yourselves, though you read the Scriptures? Have you nosense at all? Seek help with the Salat and fortitude:60 no doubt, Salat is a hard task but not for those obedient servants, who realize that ultimately they shall meet their Lord and shall return to Him.
Allah is aware that there are people who will claim to believe in God and be fighting for Islam, but they are liars who are not only tarnishing the image of Islam, but are also killing innocent souls.
Hear the Quran speak about them: Q2[8-16] Then there are some who say, “We believe in Allah and the Last Day”, whereas they do not believe at all. They thus try to deceive Allah and the Believers, but they succeed in deceiving none except themselves and they realize it not.11 In their hearts is a disease which Allah has increased all the more12 and a painful doom is in store for them for the lie they utter. Whenever it is said to them,
“Spread not disorder on the earth”, their reply is, “We only seek to put things aright”. Beware! they do spread disorder but they realize it not. And when it is said to them, “Believe sincerely as the other people have believed”,13 they reply, “Should we believe as fools have believed?”14 Beware! they themselves are the fools, but they know it not. When they meet those who believe, they say, “We, too, are believers”, but when they privily meet their evil geniuses,15 they say, “Indeed we are with you: we are only mocking at these people”.
(Little do they realize that) Allah is mocking at them. He gives them rope enough, and they wander on and on blindly in their mischief and rebellion. These are the people who have bartered away Guidance for error, but this is a profitless bargain that they have made, and they are not at all on the right way.
Q2[204-210] There is a certain type of man who charms you in this worldly life with his glib talk. He calls Allah to witness again and again that he cherishes good intentions in his heart,223 whereas, in fact, he is the deadliest opponent224 of the Truth. When he gets power225 he directs all his efforts towards spreading mischief in the land, destroying harvests and killing the human race whereas Allah (Whom he makes his witness) does not like mischief. And when it is said to him, “Fear Allah,” vanity seizes him and makes him adhere to the sin. Hell is the proper place for such a person and it is a very bad dwelling indeed.
The above verses clearly captures the delusional state of mind of terrorists, terrorism can never be for Islam. In 628 AD, a delegation from St. Catherine’s Monastery came to Prophet Muhammed (SAW) and requested his protection. He responded by granting them a charter of rights which is translated below: “This is a message from Muhammad ibn Abdullahi, as a covenant to those who adopt Christianity, near and far, we are with them. Verily I, the servants, the helpers, and my followers defend them, because Christians are my citizens; and by Allah! I hold out against anything that displeases them.
No compulsion is to be on them. Neither are their judges to be removed from their jobs nor their monks from their monasteries. No one is to destroy a house of their religion, to damage it, or to carry anything from it to the Muslims’ houses.
Should anyone take any of these, he would spoil God’s covenant and disobey His Prophet. Verily, they are my allies and have my secure charter against all that they hate. No one is to force them to travel or to oblige them to fight. The
Muslims are to fight for them. If a female Christian is married to a Muslim, it is not to take place without her approval. She is not to be prevented from visiting her church to pray. Their churches are to be respected. They are neither to be prevented from repairing them nor the sacredness of their covenants.
No one of the nation (Muslims) is to disobey the covenant till the Last Day (end of the world)… not just the truth for the people living during the time of the prophet, but will continue to be true until the day of Judgment.
From the above submission, it is obvious that, peace in Islam is the ‘rule’, while war is the ‘exception’. This is borne out by all the teachings of Islam and the practical life of the Prophet of Islam. One of the attributes of God described in the Qur’an is ‘As-Salam’, which means peace and security.’ That is to say that God’s Being itself is a manifestation of peace. Indeed, God is Peace (Al-Bukhari).
In the Qur’an, divine guidance is likened to the paths of peace. (5:16)The Quran, avers that, ‘reconciliation is best’ (4:128), and judging by the consequences, the way of peace is far better than that of confrontation.
Whenever the Prophet had an option between two courses of action, he always chose the easier (non-confrontational) one. (Bukhari) This means that, violent activism should not be indulged in if peaceful activism is an option. For, peace is the easier course as compared to violence.
For instance, trying to change the status quo in the very first stage of a movement is a hard option, while launching one’s activities in the available sphere without doing so is an easier option. Going to war in confrontational situations is a hard option while following a conciliatory course in dealing with one’s rival is easier. Countering aggression with aggression is a hard option, while countering aggression with patience and forbearance is an easier option. An agitational course of action is harder than employing quiet strategy.
Adopting a radical method of reformation is harder than that of following a gradual method. Taking emotional, extreme steps without a thought for their consequences creates difficulties. While a well-considered method, keeping an eye on the consequences, gives much better results. The policy of confrontation with a ruler is a harder option, while initiating one’s action; by sidestepping the ruler in the sphere of education and learning is an easier option. These instances show us the easier and harder options, as demonstrated by the Hadith. The mission of Islam is based on monotheism, its goal being to make people realize the existence of the one and only God and to strive to bring about a revolution in their hearts and minds of individuals in order that they may love God as is His due. And the greatest concern of man should be to fear and worship his Creator (2:165).
Such a mission cannot afford wars and violent confrontations. When a state of war and violence prevails, the normal atmosphere is vitiated and such circumstances as would foster intellectual movements and spiritual reformation cannot be effectively created. It cannot be denied that peaceful circumstances produce a propitious environment for Islam, while violent circumstances inevitably result in antagonism towards Islam.
For any reason, if war must be fought In Islam, war is not the prerogative of the individual but of an established government. Only an established government can declare war. In other words, individuals can pray on their own, but they cannot wage wars of their own accord.
Only when a war is declared by the ruling government, can the public join in and support it, and not before that. Islam does not sanction individual actions on this issue. Therefore no Non Governmental Organization or terrorist group or what ever association can declare a As a general principle, the Quran tells us that, even where an external attack is feared, the common man should not act independently, but should take the matter to the ruler, and then under his guidance take proper counter measures. (4:83).
The Hadith also states that ‘the ruler is a shield, fighting is done under him, and security is attained through him.’ This clearly shows that the decision to do battle and its planning are the tasks of an established government. The common man can play his role as need be under government orders, and not independently.
This Islamic principle shows that there is no room for non-state warfare, which is what we generally call guerilla war. A guerilla war is fought by individual organizations, not by the State. As far as the state is concerned, if it wants to wage a defensive war against any country it has first—in obedience to the Quran—to issue a proper declaration. Only then can it wage a lawful war (8:58). In Islam, there is only ‘declared’ war. Therefore, in accordance with this principle, no proxy war in Islam can be lawful.
On this note as it has been established, any individual who engage in terrorism, killing defenseless civilians, destroying goods and properties is certainly destined for hell fire. There is no other way.
As the Quran said, who so ever slay a soul, unless it be for murder or for mischief in the land, it is as though he slew entire mankind; and whoever keeps it alive, it is as though he kept entire mankind alive; (Quran 5:32).
Therefore, if whosoever slay a soul get the punishment of slaying the entire mankind as established by the Qur’an, certainly, those who slew countless souls like the boko haram are destined to rot in hell and suffer more grave consequences before Allah on the day of
Abdulrazaq O Hamzat writes from Abuja and can be reached on